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J Nat Prod. 2003 Sep;66(9):1280-3.

Complex C-glycosyl flavonoid phytoalexins from Cucumis sativus.

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Département de Phytologie, Centre de Recherche en Horticulture, Université Laval, Sainte-Foy, QC, G1K 7P4, Canada.


Extraction of cucumber leaf tissue expressing induced resistance against powdery mildew fungi revealed the presence of two new major C-glycosyl flavonoid products: vitexin-6-(4-hydroxy-1-ethylbenzene) (cucumerin A, 1) and isovitexin-8-(4-hydroxy-1-ethylbenzene) (cucumerin B, 2). In addition, the known C-glycosyl flavonoids apigenin-8-C-beta-D-glucopyranoside (vitexin, 3), apigenin-6-C-beta-D-glucopyranoside (isovitexin, 4), luteolin-8-C-beta-D-glucopyranoside (orientin, 5), and luteolin-6-C-beta-D-glucopyranoside (isoorientin, 6), as well as 4-hydroxycinnamic acid (p-coumaric acid, 7) and its methyl ester (p-came, 8), were found in higher quantities within resistant plants. The structures of 1-8 were elucidated using spectroscopic methods and unambiguously confirmed for 3-8 using co-chromatography experiments with authentic standards. On the basis of the results of this study and the reported biological activities of C-glycosyl flavonoids, these compounds would play a vital role in the defense strategy of this species by acting as phytoalexins.

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