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J Magn Reson Imaging. 2003 Oct;18(4):414-9.

18q-syndrome: brain MRI shows poor differentiation of gray and white matter on T2-weighted images.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatric Neurology, Hospital for Children and Adolescents, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. tarja.linnankivi@hus.fi

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To study brain MRI findings in patients with 18q- syndrome and to correlate these findings with the results of the molecular breakpoint analysis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Brain MR images of 17 patients with 18q- syndrome were evaluated. Segregation analysis was performed with 15 microsatellite markers to determine the deletion breakpoints and whether the deletion included the myelin basic protein (MBP) gene.

RESULTS:

One patient had an interstitial deletion of 18q which spared the MBP gene. He was the only one with normal brain MRI. All 16 patients with deletions including the MBP gene had abnormal white matter in MRI. The main finding was poor differentiation of gray and white matter on T2-weighted images due to increased white matter signal intensity. In addition, measured signal intensity of the white matter was significantly increased in patients compared with controls.

CONCLUSIONS:

Poor differentiation of gray and white matter on T2-weighted images is the most typical MRI finding of the 18q- syndrome. These results support the postulation that abnormal myelination in 18q- syndrome is due to haploinsufficiency at or near the MBP locus.

PMID:
14508777
DOI:
10.1002/jmri.10383
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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