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Am J Surg Pathol. 2003 Oct;27(10):1386-9.

Malignant pancreatic endocrine tumor in a child with tuberous sclerosis.

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1
Department of Pathology, Children's Hospital Bambino Gesù, Piazza Sant'Onofrio 4, Rome, Italy. francalanci@opbg.net

Abstract

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant condition whose signs and symptoms may vary from a few hypopigmented skin spots to epilepsy, severe mental retardation, and renal failure. The disease is caused by mutations in either TSC1 or TSC2 gene, at chromosome 9q34 and 16p13.3. Inactivation of both alleles at TSC1 or TSC2 loci is associated with the development of hamartomas in different organs, and only rarely with malignant neoplasms. In this study we present a 6-year-old boy with TSC and with a malignant islet cell tumor of the pancreas. Mutation analysis of DNA extracted from peripheral blood cells of the patient identified an R1459X de novo mutation in exon 33 of the TSC2 gene. Immunohistochemical analysis with anti-tuberin antibodies on paraffin-embedded tissue sections showed loss of tuberin immunostaining in tumor cells but normal expression in residual normal pancreas. DNA analysis of tumor and normal cells showed chromosome 16p13 loss of heterozygosity in malignant pancreatic islet cell tumor but not in normal pancreas. These findings suggest a role for tuberin, the TSC2 gene product, in the pathogenesis of malignant pancreatic endocrine tumor.

PMID:
14508401
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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