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J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2003 Oct;15(4):302-6.

Influence of patient variables and sensor location on regional cerebral oxygen saturation measured by INVOS 4100 near-infrared spectrophotometers.

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Departments of Anesthesiology, Bell Land General Hospital, Osaka, Japan.


Cerebral oximeter based on near-infrared spectroscopy has been used as a continuous, noninvasive monitoring of regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2). Although the absolute rSO2 values have a wide range of variability, the factors affecting a variability of rSO2 values have not been extensively investigated. The authors investigated the influence of patient variables and sensor location on rSO2 measured by the cerebral oximeter INVOS 4100 in 111 patients anesthetized with sevoflurane, fentanyl, and nitrous oxide in oxygen. The sensors for rSO2 measurements were applied on the right forehead (R), 1 cm lateral to R (R1), on the left forehead (L), 1 cm lateral to L (L1), and on the center of the forehead (C). The relationship between the rSO2 values and patient variables were also analyzed. Values of rSO2 at R1 and L1 were significantly lower than those at R and L, respectively. Values of rSO2 at C were significantly higher compared with those at other sites. There were no significant correlations between the rSO2 values and values of weight, height, and head size. Values of rSO2 were similar between males and females. A significant negative correlation between the rSO2 values and age and a positive correlation between the rSO2 values and hemoglobin concentration were observed. These data indicate that patient age, hemoglobin concentration at the measurement, and sensor location can affect rSO2 values.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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