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Pancreas. 2003 Oct;27(3):214-9.

Docetaxel and radiotherapy and pancreatic cancer.

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1
Department of Medicine, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, Marseille, France. viretf@marseille.fnclcc.fr

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We conducted a phase 1 trial to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of weekly docetaxel delivered concurrently with radiation therapy for the treatment of locally advanced adenocarcinoma of the pancreas.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Thirteen patients with histologically proven locally non-resectable advanced adenocarcinoma of the pancreas were enrolled in this study. Patients received 4 weekly doses of docetaxel by 1-hour intravenous (IV) infusion with 40 Gy of external beam radiation therapy during 4 weeks. Patients who were stabilized or in response, received 2 additional cycles of docetaxel with a 10 Gy boost of radiotherapy. Doses were escalated at 10 mg/m2 increments in successive cohorts of 3 new patients until MTD was observed.

RESULTS:

Four patients received docetaxel at 20 mg/m2/week, 3 at 25 mg/m2/week, 3 at 30 mg/m2/week, and 3 at 35 mg/m2/week. All patients, except 2, were given the treatment in its integrity. The most common toxicities were nausea, vomiting, asthenia, and abdominal pains. Except for 1 patient, all toxicity was reversible and did not exceed grade 3. Hematologic toxicity was mild and has not required treatment interruption. 28% of the patients had to be rehospitalized. A total of 73 cycles was administered with a mean of 4 cycles per patient (2-6).

CONCLUSION:

Even the MTD was not reached, dose escalation was stopped at 35 mg/m2/week. This dose is comparable to the ones previously published using docetaxel in combination with radiotherapy in other tumors. Three patients achieved stable disease and 1 patient an objective response. This combination of weekly docetaxel and radiotherapy shows a feasible and well-tolerated regimen, with, nonetheless, a significant rate of rehospitalization, for patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer.

PMID:
14508124
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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