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Hum Reprod. 2003 Oct;18(10):2058-66.

A balanced complex chromosomal rearrangement (BCCR) in a family with reproductive failure.

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  • 1Cytogenetic Laboratory, General Hospital, BP 1125, 73011 ChambĂ©ry cedex, France. james.lespinasse@ch-chambery.rss.fr

Abstract

Balanced complex chromosomal rearrangements are very rare events in the human population. Translocations involving three or more chromosomes frequently lead to a severe reproductive impairment secondary to meiotic disturbance in males and to chromosomal imbalance in gametes of females. We report a new familial case of complex chromosome anomaly involving chromosomes 13, 14 and 22. Cytogenetic investigations showed a complex chromosomal chromosome rearrangement involving: (i) a Robertsonian translocation between chromosomes 13 and 14; and (ii) a reciprocal translocation between the long arms of chromosome 14 and the long arm of chromosome 22. The aetiology of the translocation was characterized by conventional fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) studies and routine R- and G-banding (RTBG and GBTG) combined with alpha and beta satellite centromeric FISH probes. Predicted configuration of the hexavalent at pachytene stage of meiosis was used to consider the modes of segregation; only two configurations resulted in a normal or balanced gamete karyotype. Reproductive management and genetic counselling are discussed.

PMID:
14507821
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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