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Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2003 Sep;4(9):700-11.

Phosphatases in cell-matrix adhesion and migration.

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Craniofacial Developmental Biology and Regeneration Branch, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, Building 30/Room 421, 30 Convent Drive, MSC 4370, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-4370, USA.


Many proteins that have been implicated in cell-matrix adhesion and cell migration are phosphorylated, which regulates their folding, enzymatic activities and protein-protein interactions. Although modulation of cell motility by kinases is well known, increasing evidence confirms that phosphatases are essential at each stage of the migration process. Phosphatases can control the formation and maintenance of the actin cytoskeleton, regulate small GTPase molecular switches, and modulate the dynamics of matrix-adhesion interaction, actin contraction, rear release and migratory directionality.

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