Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Pol J Pharmacol. 2003 May-Jun;55(3):363-70.

Influence of vigabatrin, a novel antiepileptic drug, on the anticonvulsant activity of conventional antiepileptics in pentetrazole-induced seizures in mice.

Author information

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medical University, Jaczewskiego 8, PL 20-090 Lublin, Poland.


Vigabatrin is a novel antiepileptic drug, which increases GABA levels by irreversible inhibition of GABA-aminotransferase. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of vigabatrin on the anticonvulsant activity of valproate, ethosuximide and clonazepam against pentetrazole-induced seizures in mice. In addition, the effects of antiepileptic drugs alone or in combination with vigabatrin were studied on motor performance and long-term memory. Chemical seizures were induced by subcutaneous injection of pentetrazole at its CD(97) and defined as a clonus of the whole body with an accompanying loss of righting reflex, lasting for over 3 s. Vigabatrin inhibited the clonic pentetrazole-induced seizures and ED(30) of the drug was 879 mg/kg. Vigabatrin (at the subthreshold dose of 250 mg/kg) potentiated the protective activity of ethosuximide, reducing its ED(30) from 142 to 95 mg/kg against clonic seizures induced by pentetrazole, but simultaneously elevated its plasma level. The protective activity of valproate and clonazepam remained almost unchanged. However, vigabatrin (250 mg/kg) decreased TD(30) (50% toxic dose - corresponding to the impairment of motor coordination in 50% of the animals) of ethosuximide and clonazepam from 549 and 3.84 to 460 and 1.1 mg/kg, respectively, in the chimney test. Vigabatrin (250 mg/kg) did not influence TD(30) value of valproate in this test. Vigabatrin (at the dose of 250 mg/kg) did not impair long-term memory in combination with antiepileptics. Potentiation of the ethosuximide's protective activity was apparently due to a pharmacokinetic interaction. Consequently, no pharmacodynamic interactions between vigabatrin and the studied conventional antiepileptic drugs were evident.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Institute of Pharmacology Polish Academy of Sciences
    Loading ...
    Support Center