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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2003 Oct;47(10):3123-9.

Novel bis-tetrahydrofuranylurethane-containing nonpeptidic protease inhibitor (PI) UIC-94017 (TMC114) with potent activity against multi-PI-resistant human immunodeficiency virus in vitro.

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Department of Internal Medicine II, Kumamoto University School of Medicine, Kumamoto 860-8556, Japan.


We designed, synthesized, and identified UIC-94017 (TMC114), a novel nonpeptidic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) protease inhibitor (PI) containing a 3(R),3a(S),6a(R)-bis-tetrahydrofuranylurethane (bis-THF) and a sulfonamide isostere which is extremely potent against laboratory HIV-1 strains and primary clinical isolates (50% inhibitory concentration [IC(50)], approximately 0.003 micro M; IC(90), approximately 0.009 micro M) with minimal cytotoxicity (50% cytotoxic concentration for CD4(+) MT-2 cells, 74 micro M). UIC-94017 blocked the infectivity and replication of each of HIV-1(NL4-3) variants exposed to and selected for resistance to saquinavir, indinavir, nelfinavir, or ritonavir at concentrations up to 5 micro M (IC(50)s, 0.003 to 0.029 micro M), although it was less active against HIV-1(NL4-3) variants selected for resistance to amprenavir (IC(50), 0.22 micro M). UIC-94017 was also potent against multi-PI-resistant clinical HIV-1 variants isolated from patients who had no response to existing antiviral regimens after having received a variety of antiviral agents. Structural analyses revealed that the close contact of UIC-94017 with the main chains of the protease active-site amino acids (Asp-29 and Asp-30) is important for its potency and wide spectrum of activity against multi-PI-resistant HIV-1 variants. Considering the favorable pharmacokinetics of UIC-94017 when administered with ritonavir, the present data warrant that UIC-94017 be further developed as a potential therapeutic agent for the treatment of primary and multi-PI-resistant HIV-1 infections.

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