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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2004 Feb;63(5):560-3. Epub 2003 Sep 18.

Purification and characterization of laccase from the white-rot fungus Daedalea quercina and decolorization of synthetic dyes by the enzyme.

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  • 1Laboratory of Biochemistry of Wood-rotting Fungi, Institute of Microbiology AS CR, Vídenská 1083, 14220 Prague 4, Czech Republic.


The white-rot fungus Daedalea quercina produced the ligninolytic enzymes laccase and Mn-dependent peroxidase. Laccase was purified using anionexchange and size-exclusion chromatographies. SDS-PAGE showed the purified laccase to be a monomeric protein of 69 kDa (71 kDa using gel filtration) with an isoelectric point near 3.0. The optimum pH for activity was below 2.0 for 2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (K(m)=38 microM), 4.0 for 2,6-dimethoxyphenol (K(m)=48 microM), 4.5 for guaiacol (K(m)=93 microM) and 7.0 for syringaldazine (K(m)=131 microM). The temperature optimum was between 60 and 70 degrees C depending on the pH and buffer used. The enzyme was stable up to 45 degrees C, and stability was higher at alkaline pH. Enzyme activity was increased by the addition of Cu(2+) and inhibited by Mn(2+), sodium azide, dithiothreitol, and cysteine. Laccase from Daedalea quercina was able to decolorize the synthetic dyes Chicago sky blue, poly B-411, remazol brilliant blue R, trypan blue and reactive blue 2.

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