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Ear Nose Throat J. 2003 Aug;82(8):592-7.

The effect of topical fluticasone on nasal nitric oxide levels in a patient with allergic rhinitis.

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Sisli Etfal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.


Nitric oxide (NO) in exhaled breath is produced primarily by the upper respiratory airway mucosa. The nasal output of this gas is increased in patients with allergic rhinitis. We performed a study on a 41-year-old nonsmoking male volunteer with allergic rhinitis to investigate the effect of fluticasone nasal spray on nasal NO output (VNO). A total of 28 nasal NO measurements from both nostrils were taken during the 2-month period of June and July 2002. During the second half of the study period (treatment phase), the patient took fluticasone in doses of 100 micrograms per nostril once a day. During the treatment phase, nasal NO measurements were taken 10 days after the initiation of treatment. In addition, we also recorded the patient's nasal symptom scores and the grass pollen counts in the greater Pittsburgh area. The patient's mean VNO was 989.9 nl/min prior to treatment and 787.7 nl/min following treatment--a statistically significant 20.4% decrease (p < 0.01). The findings of our study support the observation that topical nasal steroid treatment decreases NO production in sinonasal mucosa.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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