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Nat Struct Biol. 2003 Oct;10(10):831-5. Epub 2003 Sep 21.

Myosin cleft movement and its coupling to actomyosin dissociation.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK.

Abstract

It has long been known that binding of actin and binding of nucleotides to myosin are antagonistic, an observation that led to the biochemical basis for the crossbridge cycle of muscle contraction. Thus ATP binding to actomyosin causes actin dissociation, whereas actin binding to the myosin accelerates ADP and phosphate release. Structural studies have indicated that communication between the actin- and nucleotide-binding sites involves the opening and closing of the cleft between the upper and lower 50K domains of the myosin head. Here we test the proposal that the cleft responds to actin and nucleotide binding in a reciprocal manner and show that cleft movement is coupled to actin binding and dissociation. We monitored cleft movement using pyrene excimer fluorescence from probes engineered across the cleft.

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PMID:
14502269
DOI:
10.1038/nsb986
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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