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Cancer Gene Ther. 2003 Oct;10(10):771-8.

Transduction of the IL-21 and IL-23 genes in human pancreatic carcinoma cells produces natural killer cell-dependent and -independent antitumor effects.

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Division of Pathology, Chiba Cancer Center Research Institute, and Department of Medicine and Clinical Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chuo-ku, Chiba, Japan.


We examined whether novel cytokines, interleukin (IL)-21 and IL-23, that were expressed in tumors could produce antitumor effects in the inoculated mice. Human pancreatic cancer AsPC-1 cells were retrovirally transduced with murine IL-21 or IL-23 (p19-linked p40) gene (AsPC-1/IL-21, AsPC-1/IL-23) and were injected into nude or severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice. Although the proliferation in vitro of the transduced cells remained the same as that of parent cells, growth of AsPC-1/IL-21 and AsPC-1/IL-23 tumors developed in nude mice was retarded compared with that of parent tumors. Treatment of nude mice with anti-asialo GM(1) antibody temporally abrogated the growth retardation of AsPC-1/IL-21, but not AsPC-1/IL-23 tumors; however, the growth of AsPC-1/IL-21 tumors came to be retarded thereafter with the regeneration of natural killer (NK) cells. The growth of AsPC-1/IL-21 tumors developed in SCID mice was also retarded compared with parent tumors and the growth retardation was abrogated by treatment with anti-asialo GM(1) antibody. The growth of AsPC-1/IL-23 tumors in SCID mice was not different from that of parent tumors. Cytotoxic activity and secretion of interferon-gamma in response to AsPC-1 cells were induced in spleen cells of the mice bearing AsPC-1/IL-21 or AsPC-1/IL-23 tumors. When nude mice were injected with a mixed population of AsPC-1/IL-21 and AsPC-1/IL-23 cells, no synergistic effects were observed. These data collectively suggest that expression of IL-21 and IL-23 in tumors can produce NK cell-dependent and -independent antitumor effects in an alpha beta T cell-defective condition, respectively.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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