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Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2003 Sep;82(3):411-8.

Gender and HIV/AIDS.

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1
Executive Direction, Family and Community Health, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. turment@who.int

Abstract

The impact of gender on HIV/AIDS is an important dimension in understanding the evolution of the epidemic. How have gender inequality and discrimination against women affected the course of the HIV epidemic? This paper outlines the biological, social and cultural determinants that put women and adolescent girls at greater risk of HIV infection than men. Violence against women or the threat of violence often increases women's vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. An analysis of the impact of gender on HIV/AIDS demonstrates the importance of integrating gender into HIV programming and finding ways to strengthen women by implementing policies and programs that increase their access to education and information. Women's empowerment is vital to reversing the epidemic.

PMID:
14499987
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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