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Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 2003 Oct 1;146(1):16-21.

Detection of amplified oncogenes by genome DNA microarrays in human primary esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: comparison with conventional comparative genomic hybridization analysis.

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Departments of Pathology, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine, 1-1-1 Minami-kogushi, 755-8505 Ube, Japan.


Oncogene amplification in 20 surgically resected esophageal squamous cell carcinomas (ESCC) was examined with DNA microarrays that detected 57 oncogenes and two reference DNA. Alterations in DNA copy numbers detected by microarrays were compared to those obtained by conventional comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). Amplification of eight oncogenes (CCND1, FGF3/FGF4, EMS1, SAS, ERBB2, PDGFRA, MYC, and BCL2) was detected by DNA microarrays in 9 of 20 tumors. Although ERBB2 was 23.2 times higher than the control level in one case, the average magnitude of gene amplification was approximately two to four times that of the control level. EMS1, CCND1, and FGF3/FGF4, which are all located on 11q13, were amplified in 7, 5, and 4 of 20 ESCC, respectively, and they were coamplified in 3 tumors. A comparison of genome DNA microarrays and CGH data revealed that although most amplified oncogenes were included in chromosomal regions for which DNA copy number gains were detected by conventional CGH, not all amplified genes on microarrays showed concomitant DNA copy number gains on CGH. In conclusion, microarrays of oncogenes are useful for the comprehensive identification of amplified oncogenes and for analysis of areas of specific amplification within chromosomal regions with DNA copy number increases detected by CGH analysis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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