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Clin Immunol. 2003 Sep;108(3):241-7.

Humoral, mucosal, and cellular immune responses to oral Norwalk virus-like particles in volunteers.

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Center for Vaccine Development, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA.


Norwalk virus-like particles (VLPs), made from recombinant capsid protein, are a promising vaccine. Thirty-six healthy adult volunteers received 250 microg (n = 10), 500 microg (n = 10), or 2000 microg (n = 10) of orally administered VLP or placebo (n = 6). All vaccinees developed significant rises in IgA anti-VLP antibody-secreting cells. Ninety percent who received 250 microg developed rises in serum anti-VLP IgG; neither the rates of seroconversion nor geometric mean titers increased at the higher doses. About 30-40% of volunteers developed mucosal anti-VLP IgA. Lymphoproliferative responses and IFN-gamma production were observed transiently among those who received 250 microg or 500 microg but not 2000 microg of VLP. Studies to increase immunogenicity using a mucosal adjuvant are planned.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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