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Med Clin (Barc). 2003 Sep 20;121(9):350-5.

[Hyperhomocysteinemia during pregnancy as a risk factor of preeclampsia].

[Article in Spanish]

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  • 1Servicio de Ginecología y Obstetricia, Hospital Universitari San Joan de Déu, Esplugues de Llobregat, Barcelona, España.


A revision about the role of hyperhomocysteinemia in the development of preeclampsia is presented, which summarises our experience in different biochemical and genetic points in relation to this possible association. Plasma total homocysteine concentrations (tHcy) during pregnancy were significantly lower than those of non-pregnant women: 2nd trimester (median, 5.3 micromol/l; range, 3.1-10.0 micromol/l); 3rd trimester (median, 6.3 micromol/l; range, 3.2-13.0 micromol/l). Hyperhomocysteinemia (tHcy>P95) was established as values higher than 7.7 micromol/l in the 2nd trimester, and as values higher than 10.5 micromol/l in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. We found an association between hyperhomocysteinemia and preeclampsia: tHcy values were significantly higher in the preeclamptic group than in uncomplicated pregnancies; the OR for preeclampsia in hyperhomocysteinemic patients was 7.7 (CI 95%, 1.7-34.8). The other amino acid concentrations were also higher in preeclamptic women. The negative correlation observed between homocysteine and folate in the control group, was not present in preeclamptic women. An association between homocysteine concentrations in preeclampsia and glucose intolerance was not observed. The Doppler study of uterine artery flow velocity waveforms seems to be a good screening method to identify pregnancies at high risk of preeclampsia. The addition of homocysteine determination did not usefully improve its predictive value. The polymorphisms in the main genes involved in folate-homocysteine metabolism studied could not be considered as the determinants of the hyperhomocysteinemia observed in preeclamptic pregnants.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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