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Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1992 Dec;7(6):631-6.

Modulation of eosinophil chemotaxis by interleukin-5.

Author information

1
Department of Pulmonary Diseases, University Hospital Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Eosinophilia and eosinophil function are regulated by cytokines such as granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), interleukin-3 (IL-3), and interleukin-5 (IL-5). We have investigated the modulatory role of IL-5 on N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMLP), neutrophil-activating factor (NAF/IL-8), platelet factor 4 (PF4), and cytokine-induced chemotaxis of eosinophils from normal individuals. These eosinophils show a small chemotactic response toward PF4 but not to NAF/IL-8 and FMLP. Preincubation of eosinophils with low concentrations of IL-5 caused significantly increased responses toward PF4 and induced a significant chemotactic response toward FMLP and NAF/IL-8. In marked contrast, IL-5 (or IL-3) priming of eosinophils from normal donors resulted in a strong inhibition of GM-CSF-induced chemotaxis. A similar decrease in the chemotactic response toward GM-CSF was observed in eosinophils derived from allergic asthmatic individuals. This finding suggests that the latter eosinophils may have had a prior exposure to IL-5 (or IL-3). Washing of the cells after priming did not abrogate the inhibition of the GM-CSF response. Our data indicate that at low concentrations IL-5 is an important modulator of eosinophil chemotaxis, causing selective upregulation or downregulation of chemotactic responses toward different agents.

PMID:
1449809
DOI:
10.1165/ajrcmb/7.6.631
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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