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Reprod Nutr Dev. 1992;32(3):307-12.

Oestrus and LH responses to oestradiol during lactational anoestrus in Chinese Meishan and large white sows.

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Institut für Tierzucht und Tierverhalten (FAL), Neustadt, Germany.


To investigate endocrine mechanisms associated with the occasional occurrence of fertile oestrus during lactation in the high prolific Chinese Meishan (MS) breed, the incidence of oestrus and changes in plasma luteinizing hormone (LH) levels before and after oestradiol benzoate (OB, 15 micrograms/kg body weight) administration on day 22 was compared in 4 MS and 6 Large White (LW) sows. All sows exhibited oestrus in response to OB. Only 1 sow (MS) ovulated in response to OB, became pregnant and farrowed. Mean plasma LH levels before OB were low (MS: 0.38 +/- 0.06 ng LH/ml, LW: 0.29 +/- 0.04 ng LH/ml, ns). LH levels above 2 ng/ml (surge) occurred in 2/4 MS and 2/6 LW sows at 60 +/- 5 h after OB. The MS sow that ovulated had an LH surge level of 4.5 ng/ml plasma at 40 h after OB. These results indicate minor breed differences in the control of LH secretion during lactational anoestrus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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