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Arch Neurol. 1992 Dec;49(12):1259-61.

Validation of the 3-oz water swallow test for aspiration following stroke.

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Cornell University Medical College, Burke Rehabilitation Center, White Plains, NY.


A 3-oz water swallow test identified 80% (16/20) of patients aspirating during a subsequent videofluoroscopic modified barium swallow examination (sensitivity, 76%; specificity, 59%). It also identified patients with more severe dysphagia aspirating larger amounts (sensitivity, 94%; specificity, 26%) or thicker consistencies (sensitivity, 94%; specificity, 30%) of test material. The 3-oz water swallow test is a sensitive screening tool for identifying patients at risk for clinically significant aspiration who need referral for more definitive modified barium swallow evaluation.

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[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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