Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Adolesc. 1992 Sep;15(3):271-81.

Ethnic identity and self-esteem: an exploratory longitudinal study.

Author information

Department of Psychology, California State University, Los Angeles 90032.

Erratum in

  • J Adolesc 1993 Mar;16(1):118.


Recent models of ethnic identity formation in minority youth suggest a progression over time from an unexamined or diffuse stage to an achieved ethnic identity. To examine changes with age in ethnic identity and self-esteem, eighteen adolescents from three ethnic groups (Asian American, Black, and Hispanic) were assessed at age 16 and three years later. Results of this exploratory study showed a significant change to higher stages of ethnic identity over the three-year period. Self-esteem and ethnic identity were significantly related to each other at each time period and across the three-year time span.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center