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J Chromatogr. 1992 Aug 21;607(1):55-67.

Studies on the methanolysis of small amounts of purified phospholipids for gas chromatographic analysis of fatty acid methyl esters.

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Institut für Ernährungsphysiologie, Technische Universität München,Freising-Weihenstephan, Germany.


The methanolysis of small amounts of purified phosphoglycerides and sphingomyelin was studied and a quantitative comparison of five methods for the methanolysis of standard phosphoglycerides was made. These methods were based on methanolysis with boron trifluoride-methanol, methanolic sodium methoxide (at ambient temperature and with heating) and methanolic sulphuric acid. A further method was based on saponification with methanolic sodium hydroxide and subsequent esterification with boron trifluoride-methanol. Under the experimental conditions, only the sodium methoxide-catalysed method at ambient temperature gave complete methanolysis of phosphoglycerides. For methanolysis of sphingomyelin, boron trifluoride-methanol, methanolic sulphuric acid and methanolic hydrochloric acid were used. It was found that complete methanolysis of sphingomyelin takes 15 h at 90 degrees C. Based on these results, procedures for the methanolysis of phosphoglycerides and sphingomyelin separated by high-performance liquid chromatography are presented.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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