Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochemistry. 1992 Dec 1;31(47):11940-51.

Nonlocal structural perturbations in a mutant human insulin: sequential resonance assignment and 13C-isotope-aided 2D-NMR studies of [PheB24-->Gly]insulin with implications for receptor recognition.

Author information

Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.


Insulin's mechanism of receptor binding is not well understood despite extensive study by mutagenesis and X-ray crystallography. Of particular interest are "anomalous" analogues whose bioactivities are not readily rationalized by crystal structures. Here the structure and dynamics of one such analogue (GlyB24-insulin) are investigated by circular dichroism (CD) and isotope-aided 2D-NMR spectroscopy. The mutant insulin retains near-native receptor-binding affinity despite a nonconservative substitution (PheB24-->Gly) in the receptor-binding surface. Relative to native insulin, GlyB24-insulin exhibits reduced dimerization; the monomer (the active species) exhibits partial loss of ordered structure, as indicated by CD studies and motional narrowing of selected 1H-NMR resonance. 2D-NMR studies demonstrate that the B-chain beta-turn (residues B20-23) and beta-strand (residues B24-B28) are destabilized; essentially native alpha-helical secondary structure (residues A3-A8, A13-A18, and B9-B19) is otherwise maintained. 13C-Isotope-edited NOESY studies demonstrate that long-range contacts observed between the B-chain beta-strand and the alpha-helical core in native insulin are absent in the mutant. Implications for the mechanism of insulin's interaction with its receptor are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center