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Eur J Cancer. 1992;29A(1):57-60.

Treatment of melphalan-resistant multiple myeloma with vincristine, BCNU, doxorubicin, and high-dose dexamethasone (VBAD).

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Postgraduate School of Haematology, Hospital Clinic i Provincial, Barcelona, Spain.


A total of 65 patients (35 male/30 female) with multiple myeloma primarily (33) or secondarily (32) resistant to melphalan and prednisone were treated with vincristine, carmustine (BCNU), doxorubicin, and high-dose dexamethasone (VBAD) at 4-week intervals. Among 60 evaluable patients the overall response was 36.6% (21.6% objective response plus 15% improvements). The response rate was significantly higher in primarily resistant patients than in those becoming resistant after a prior response (48.4 vs. 24.1%, P < 0.05). The median duration of response was 17.5 months. When survival of responders and non-responders were compared by the conventional method, a highly significant difference was observed (P < 0.001). However, using the Mantel and Byar procedure and the landmark method, only a trend for longer survival in the responders was registered. These results indicate that although VBAD is effective in at least one third of patients with advanced multiple myeloma resistant to melphalan, its impact on survival is limited.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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