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Arch Oral Biol. 1992 Oct;37(10):771-8.

Maintenance of amelogenin gene expression by transformed epithelial cells of mouse enamel organ.

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Center for Craniofacial Molecular Biology, University of Southern California, School of Dentistry, Los Angeles 90033.


Electroporation was used to introduce foreign genes into cells derived from the mouse enamel organ epithelia (EOE). Optimal conditions for this electroporation were established. The introduction of a plasmid construct bearing the coding region for the large T-antigen from polyoma virus into EOE cells permitted the establishment of a derivative cell line that has the following characteristics: (1) the cells could be passaged many times; (2) they expressed a keratin-containing cytoskeleton; and (3) approx. 60% of the cells expressed amelogenin, a tissue-specific gene product unique to ameloblasts. Potential uses for such a cell line include analysis of: (1) the upstream regulatory regions required for temporally and spatially restricted expression of amelogenin; (2) the post-translational modification of amelogenin in synchronized cells and (3) the organization and biomineralization of enamel extracellular matrix in monolayer culture.

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