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Am J Public Health. 1992 Nov;82(11):1513-6.

Pneumococcal bacteremia in Monroe County, New York.

Author information

1
Monroe County Health Department, Rochester, NY 14692.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Knowledge of the epidemiology of pneumococcal disease is critical for public health planning, evaluation of preventive strategies, and development of immunization recommendations.

METHODS:

We studied the incidence and case-fatality rates of pneumococcal bacteremia as a proxy for pneumococcal disease in Monroe County, New York, from 1985 through 1989 by reviewing the laboratory and clinical care records of all cases occurring among residents.

RESULTS:

There were 671 cases identified, for an overall yearly rate of 18.8 per 100,000. The rates were highest in the very young, in the very old, and in non-White populations. Age-specific rates were consistently higher in Blacks than in Whites. Predisposing medical conditions were present in 61% of cases. Case-fatality rates were 15% overall, 27% in those with predisposing medical conditions, and approximately 30% in Blacks older than 55 years and Whites older than 65 years.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study documents the incidence of and mortality from pneumococcal bacteremia. It supports previous observations that Black populations have an increased risk of invasive pneumococcal infection and suggests that immunization should be considered for Blacks older than 55 years.

PMID:
1443302
PMCID:
PMC1694600
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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