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Am J Physiol. 1992 Nov;263(5 Pt 1):E850-5.

Thermogenic response to epinephrine in the forearm and abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue.

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1
Department of Clinical Physiology/Nuclear Medicine, Hvidovre Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

Whole body energy expenditure, thermogenic and metabolic changes in the forearm, and intercellular glucose concentrations in subcutaneous adipose tissue on the abdomen determined by microdialysis were measured during epinephrine infusion in healthy subjects. After a control period, epinephrine was infused at rates of 0.2 and 0.4 nmol.kg-1 x min-1. Whole body resting energy expenditure was 4.36 +/- 0.56 (SD) kJ/min. Energy expenditure increased to 5.14 +/- 0.74 and 5.46 +/- 0.79 kJ/min, respectively (P < 0.001), during the epinephrine infusions. Respiratory exchange ratio was 0.80 +/- 0.04 in the resting state and did not change. Local forearm oxygen uptake was 3.9 +/- 1.3 mumol.100 g-1 x min-1 in the basal period. During epinephrine infusion, it increased to 5.8 +/- 2.1 (P < 0.03) and 7.5 +/- 2.3 mumol.100 g-1 x min-1 (P < 0.001). Local forearm glucose uptake was 0.160 +/- 0.105 mumol.100 g-1 x min-1 and increased to 0.586 +/- 0.445 and 0.760 +/- 0.534 mumol.100 g-1 x min-1 (P < 0.025). The intercellular glucose concentration in the subcutaneous adipose tissue on the abdomen was equal to the arterial concentration in the basal period but did not increase as much during infusion of epinephrine, indicating glucose uptake in adipose tissue in this condition. If it is assumed that forearm skeletal muscle is representative for the average skeletal muscle, it can be calculated that on average 40% of the enhanced whole body oxygen uptake induced by infusion of epinephrine is taking place in skeletal muscle. It is proposed that adipose tissue may contribute to epinephrine-induced thermogenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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