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Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1992 Oct;36(7):722-7.

Lidocaine hydrocarbonate and lidocaine hydrochloride for cesarean section: transplacental passage and neonatal effects.

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Department of Anesthesiology, Ste-Justine Hospital, Canada.


Twenty-six patients, ASA physical status 1, scheduled for elective cesarean section, were divided at random into two groups and received via an epidural catheter 20 ml of 2.2% lidocaine hydrocarbonate (17.3 lidocaine base) with 5 epinephrine freshly added (Group CO2 = 13 patients) or 20 ml of 2% lidocaine hydrochloride (17.3 lidocaine base) also with 5 epinephrine freshly added. Following clampage of the umbilical cord (at 40.1 +/- 4.9 min after the injection of lidocaine for the CO2 group and at 41.0 +/- 5.4 min for the HCl group), serum concentrations of lidocaine were measured both in the mother and in the umbilical vein. All newborns were examined by the same blinded pediatrician with Apgar scores at 1, 5 and 10 min and with Neurobehavioral Adaptive Capacity Scores (NACS) at 15 min, 2 h and 24 h. The concentrations of lidocaine in the serum were comparable in both groups: in the mothers 8.61 +/- 1.48 mumol.l-1 for the CO2 group vs 8.04 +/- 2.36 mumol.l-1 for the HCl group and in the newborns 3.86 +/- 0.84 mumol.l-1 for the CO2 group vs 3.92 +/- 0.95 mumol.l-1 for the HCl group. The ratio of umbilical vein to maternal vein concentrations of lidocaine was also similar in both groups: 0.45 +/- 0.07 for the CO2 group vs 0.54 +/- 0.24 for the HCl group. The percentage of newborns with a normal NACS (score > or = 35/40) was equal in both groups, i.e. 91% at 15 min and 2 h of life and 100% at 24 h of life.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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