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Thromb Res. 1992 Sep 15;67(6):643-54.

Coagulation and fibrinolytic system impairment in insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.

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Institute of 2nd Medical Clinic, University of Pisa, Italy.


Selected coagulation and fibrinolytic parameters were assessed in 40 insulin dependent diabetes mellitus patients with varying degrees of metabolic control; 30 healthy subjects matched for age and sex formed the control group. Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time, Prothrombin Time, Fibrinogen, Factor VII, Antithrombin III, Protein C, Plasminogen, alpha 2-Plasmin Inhibitor, Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1, tissue-Plasminogen Activator were functionally evaluated. Antigenic levels of tissue-Plasminogen Activator, Thrombin-Antithrombin complexes and fibrinolytic specific product B beta 15-42 were also determined. Compared to the control group diabetic patients displayed significantly higher levels of Fibrinogen (p < 0.01), Factor VII (p < 0.01), Thrombin-Antithrombin complexes (p < 0.01) and Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 activity (p < 0.01). Regardless of the normal level of the tissue-Plasminogen Activator-related antigen, diabetic patients had tissue-Plasminogen Activator activity lower than the control group (p < 0.05). Coagulation Factor VII and Thrombin-Antithrombin complexes were increased only in the patients with poor metabolic control (p < 0.01). Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time, Prothrombin Time, Antithrombin III, Protein C, Plasminogen, alpha 2-Plasmin Inhibitor, B beta 15-42 fibrin peptide were found to be in the normal range. Fibrinogen correlated positively with fasting blood glucose (p < 0.05) and Thrombin-Antithrombin complexes with glycosylated haemoglobin (p < 0.05), whereas Factor VII was positively correlated with glycemia (p < 0.01) and glycosylated haemoglobin (p < 0.05). Higher levels of Fibrinogen were found in patients affected by nephropathy (p < 0.005) or neuropathy (p < 0.05). These results demonstrate an impairment of the haemostatic balance in diabetic patients, that is a possible hypercoagulable state, which represents an important factor in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic complications.

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