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Prostaglandins. 1992 Aug;44(2):155-63.

The F2-isoprostane, 8-epi-prostaglandin F2 alpha, a potent agonist of the vascular thromboxane/endoperoxide receptor, is a platelet thromboxane/endoperoxide receptor antagonist.

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Department of Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232-6602.


F2-isoprostanes are a recently discovered series of prostaglandin (PG)F2-like compounds that are produced in vivo in humans by nonenzymatic free radical catalyzed peroxidation of arachidonic acid. One of the compounds that can be produced in abundance by this mechanism is 8-epi-PGF2 alpha. 8-epi-PGF2 alpha is a potent vasoconstrictor in the rat, an effect that has been shown to be mediated via interaction with vascular thromboxane (TxA2)/endoperoxide (PGH2) receptors. In an effort to further understand the biological properties of this prostanoid in relation to its ability to interact with TxA2/PGH2 receptors, we examined its effects on human and rat platelets. At concentrations of 10(-6) M and 10(-5) M, 8-epi-PGF2 alpha induced only a shape change in human platelets and at higher concentrations (10(-4) M) induced reversible but not irreversible aggregation. Both the shape change and reversible aggregation were unaffected by indomethacin but were inhibited by the TxA2/PGH2 receptor antagonist SQ29548. Conversely, 8-epi-PGF2 alpha inhibited platelet aggregation induced by the TxA2/PGH2 receptor agonists U46619 (10(-6) M) and IBOP (3.3 x 10(-7) M) with an IC50 of 1.6 x 10(-6) M and 1.8 x 10(-6) M, respectively. 8-epi-PGF2 alpha also inhibited platelet aggregation induced by arachidonic acid. Similarly, in rat platelets, 8-epi-PGF2 alpha alone induced only modest reversible aggregation but completely inhibited U46619-induced aggregation.

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