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Pediatr Radiol. 1992;22(6):458-60.

Pediatric craniofacial surgery: comparison of milling and stereolithography for 3D model manufacturing.

Author information

1
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Technology Medical Center, Aachen, FRG.

Abstract

To improve the planning phase for pediatric craniofacial surgery, 3D reconstructions of CT image series were performed on a personal computer. For construction of true models of the surgical site, two concepts were pursued. CT image data of six patients were used for model manufacturing by a conventional 2 1/2 axis milling system. The material used was polyurethane foam. Alternatively, in one patient a stereolithography was produced on the basis of the 3D reconstructed CT data. This new manufacturing device uses a photocurable monomer, hardened by a UV-laser. The spatial resolution of the system is about 0.1 mm. 3D-reconstructions were performed on a personal computer. Data were then transferred into a surface oriented structure to control a stereolithographic modeling device. Time for transfer was 70 min. The production of the modelled cranium took a total time of 59 h. Accuracy was found to be much higher in stereolithography than in milled models. The model served for surgical planning. The long time for production was caused by inadequate computer capacities, which are configured for much less complex objects in computer aided design. Furthermore the programs for the machine control are optimized for technical purposes. If these conditions are improved, stereolithography could be an attractive alternative to milling of medical models.

PMID:
1437375
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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