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Monatsschr Kinderheilkd. 1992 Oct;140(10):763-8.

[Effects of passive smoking on the pediatric respiratory tract].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Institut für Toxikologie und Umwelthygiene, München.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To explore the risk of parental smoking to the respiratory health of their children data of a cross sectional study on fourth-grade schoolchildren in Munich and Southern Bavaria were analysed.

METHODS:

Allergic and asthmatic diseases and symptoms, risk factors like family history, indoor pollution and parental smoking were evaluated by a questionnaire. Pulmonary function tests were performed in 7284 school children aged (9-11 years). Lung function values were adjusted for height, weight, sex and other confounders.

RESULTS:

The children, whose parents smoke at home, had significantly lower levels of peak flow, MEF75, MEF50 and MEF25 compared to children from non-smoking families, with a dose-response relationship. Smoking of more than 20 cigarettes at home is associated with a mean decrease in MEF75 of 5.7%, in MEF50 of 4.9% and in Peak Flow of 4.9% (p < 0.001). The prevalence of cough and wheezing increased with increasing smoking rates of the parents.

CONCLUSIONS:

Passive exposure to smoke has direct measurable dose-dependent effects on the respiratory system of children.

PMID:
1435798
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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