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J Neurosci Res. 1992 Jul;32(3):309-16.

Novel stage in the oligodendrocyte lineage defined by reactivity of progenitors with R-mAb prior to O1 anti-galactocerebroside.

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Department of Microbiology, University of Connecticut Medical School, Farmington 06030.


The developmentally regulated appearance of surface immuno-reactivity of proligodendroblasts [oligodendrocyte progenitors reacting with monoclonal antibodies A007 and O4, but not anti-galactocerebroside (GalC), i.e., A007/O4+GalC-] to monoclonal antibodies R-mAb and O1 was studied both in culture and in vivo. In both cases staining with R-mAb shortly preceded that with O1; that is, a transient population of R-mAb+O1- cells was observed. R-mAb-O1+ cells were not detected. Differential staining with R-mAb and O1 was also noted at the subcellular level. In younger cultures in which R-mAb+ cells were first acquiring O1 immunoreactivity, many of these cells were stained by O1 only on the cell bodies and proximal portions of the processes, whereas in contrast R-mAb stained the whole cell, including the distal portions of the processes. Only in older, more mature R-mAb+ cells did O1 also stain the distal portions of processes. The expression of reactivity to R-mAb and O1 was compared to the proliferative capacity of the cells. Proliferation [assessed by bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation] of both R-mAb+ and O1+ cells was negligible both in culture and in vivo. However, treatment of cells in culture with 10 ng/ml basic fibroblast growth factor resulted in an enhancement of proliferation of the R-mAb+ cells. Within the proliferating R-mAb+BrdU+ population, 80% of the cells were O1- (i.e., anti-galactocerebroside negative). These events occur during a critical period of development when A007/O4+ proligodendroblasts begin to become post-mitotic and express surface galactocerebroside.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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