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J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 1992 Sep-Oct;29(5):300-4.

Refractive error changes following strabismus surgery.

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Department of Ophthalmology, University of Maryland, Baltimore.


Several uncontrolled, retrospective studies have suggested that permanent changes in refractive error can be seen following strabismus surgery. We prospectively enrolled 68 patients undergoing strabismus surgery for evaluation of pre- and postoperative cycloplegic refraction. In addition, the adult patients had computerized corneal topography recorded using the Corneal Modeling System, (Computed Anatomy, Inc, New York, NY). Pre- and postoperative refractions were compared using spherical equivalent and meridional equivalent (90- and 180-degree meridian). We found no significant change in the spherical equivalent between the pre- and postoperative measurements. However, a significant increase in the astigmatic power at 180 degrees (meridional equivalent at 180 degrees) was detected in both pediatric and adult patients. We did not observe any qualitative change in the corneal topography pre- and postoperatively. The change in astigmatic power at 180 degrees is equivalent to additional plus-cylinder correction at 90 degrees and was persistent throughout the 4-month postoperative period.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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