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J Perinatol. 1992 Sep;12(3):229-33.

Sudden fetal death in women with well-controlled, intensively monitored gestational diabetes.

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Weiler Hospital, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY.


An intensive antepartum monitoring system for women with gestational diabetes mellitus was evaluated over a 5-year period. Early diagnosis and liberal treatment with insulin was concomitantly followed with non-stress testing: weekly from 28 to 34 weeks' gestation and semi-weekly thereafter. Despite maternal euglycemia and satisfactory antepartum assessment, three fetal deaths occurred within 72 hours of reassuring fetal monitoring. Additionally, 24 (7%) fetuses were delivered on the basis of a low biophysical profile score (less than 6) at term. The stillbirth rate for women with gestational diabetes was 7.7/1000, whereas the stillbirth rate for nondiabetic low-risk patients was 4.8/1000. Women with gestational diabetes continue to be in a high-risk category for antepartum fetal death, requiring intensive monitoring with consideration for timely delivery.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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