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J Chromatogr. 1992 Oct 2;581(1):41-7.

High-performance liquid chromatographic method for routine determination of vitamins A and E and beta-carotene in plasma.

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Department of Community Medicine, National University of Singapore, National University Hospital.


A simple and reliable reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method for the routine determination of vitamins A and E and beta-carotene in plasma (or serum) with wavelength-programmed ultraviolet-visible absorbance detection is described. A 200-microliters aliquot of serum or plasma sample, after deproteinization with ethanol, and containing tocopherol acetate as internal standard, was extracted with butanol-ethyl acetate. Sodium sulphate was added for dehydration. Analytes of extracted samples were found to be stable for at least four days. A 10-microliters aliquot of this organic extract was used for HPLC analysis. The mobile phase was methanol-butanol-water (89.5:5:5.5, v/v) and the flow-rate was set at 1.5 ml/min. The analytes of interest were well separated from other plasma constituents within 22 min at 45 degrees C. The lowest detection limits of vitamins A and E and beta-carotene were 0.02, 0.5 and 0.1 microgram/ml, respectively. The recovery and reproducibility of the present method were around 90%. The method is sensitive, specific and can be used for epidemiological studies and for routine determination of vitamin deficiency. Several important factors that may affect the analysis are also discussed in this paper.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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