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Immunol Invest. 1992 Oct;21(6):589-96.

The detection of a novel neutrophil-activating peptide (ENA-78) using a sensitive ELISA.

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Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor 48109-0360.


Neutrophil elicitation into tissue is an essential element of the host defense in response to various stimuli, including, tissue injury, infection, or cancer. This event has gained renewed interest with the discovery of a family of small polypeptides (less than 10 kD). The salient features of these cytokines are the presence of four cysteine amino acids (first two separated by one amino acid; C-X-C) and their ability to induce neutrophil chemotaxis and activation. Recently, our laboratories have discovered a new member of this C-X-C chemotactic cytokine supergene family, neutrophil-activating peptide, ENA-78. ENA-78 shares significant amino acid sequence homology with neutrophil activating peptide-2 (NAP-2; 53%), growth regulated oncogene/melanoma growth stimulatory activity (GRO alpha; 52%), and IL-8 (22%). In addition, ENA-78 appears to activate neutrophils through the IL-8 receptor. Since both in vitro and in vivo biological fluids may contain an array of chemotactic cytokines that may be relevant to the activation and chemotaxis of neutrophils, we have developed a highly specific and sensitive sandwich ELISA for the detection of ENA-78.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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