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Genomics. 1992 Nov;14(3):643-8.

Duplication/deficiency mapping of situs inversus viscerum (iv), a gene that determines left-right asymmetry in the mouse.

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Department of Genetics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510.


A recessive mutation in the mouse, situs inversus viscerum (iv), results in randomization of organ position along the left-right body axis: approximately 50% of the progeny of homozygous matings exhibit situs solitus and 50% exhibit situs inversus. Recent studies have established genetic linkage between iv and the immunoglobulin heavy chain gene complex (Igh-C), located on distal mouse chromosome 12. In the present study, we have refined the genetic map location of iv relative to the breakpoint of a reciprocal translocation, T(5;12)31H, involving the telomeric region of chromosome 12 distal to Igh-C and the proximal region of chromosome 5. The translocation results in a large 12(5) derivative chromosome and a small 5(12) derivative chromosome. Because mice with either monosomy or tertiary trisomy for the 5(12) chromosomal region are viable, duplication/deficiency mapping is possible. Deficiency mapping was performed by mating iv/iv homozygotes and T31H heterozygotes. Two animals monosomic for distal mouse chromosome 12 were produced. One of the animals with cytogenetically confirmed monosomy for distal chromosome 12 exhibited situs inversus, indicating that the iv mutation is located at or distal to the T31H breakpoint. For duplication analysis, matings were initially carried out between iv/iv homozygotes and unbalanced T31H animals trisomic for distal chromosome 12. Cytogenetically verified tertiary trisomic progeny were identified and backcrossed with iv/iv homozygotes. The resulting trisomic progeny, 50% of which are expected to carry the iv mutation on both cytogenetically normal copies of chromosome 12, were scored for phenotype.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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