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Genetics. 1992 Oct;132(2):519-28.

Characterization of mutant alleles of myospheroid, the gene encoding the beta subunit of the Drosophila PS integrins.

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Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721.


This paper presents the characterization of nine alleles of myospheroid, which encodes the beta PS subunit of the Drosophila PS integrins. On Southern blots, the mysXB87, mysXN101 and mysXR04 genes yield restriction digest patterns similar to that seen for wild-type chromosomes, however the mys1 and mysXG43 genes contain detectable deletions. mys1, mysXB87 and mysXG43 make little or no stable protein product, and genetically behave as strong lethal alleles. For the mysXN101 mutation, protein product is seen on immunoblots and a reduced amount of beta PS protein is seen at muscle attachment sites of embryos; this mutant protein retains some wild-type function, as revealed by complementation tests with weak alleles. Protein is also seen on immunoblots from mysXR04 embryos, and this allele behaves as an antimorph, being more deleterious in some crosses than the complete deficiency for the locus. mysts2 and mysnj42 are typically lethal in various combinations with other alleles at high temperatures only, but even at high physiological temperatures, neither appears to eliminate gene function completely. The complementation behaviors of mysts1 and mysts3 are quite unusual and suggest that these mutations involve regulatory phenomena. For mysts3, the data are most easily explained by postulating transvection effects at the locus. The results for mysts1 are less straightforward, but point to the possibility of a chromosome pairing-dependent negative interaction.

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