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Gastroenterology. 1992 Nov;103(5):1498-508.

Currently used doses of omeprazole in Zollinger-Ellison syndrome are too high.

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Digestive Diseases Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland.


The efficacy of omeprazole increases during the first few days of administration, suggesting that long-term maintenance dose requirements in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome may be lower than those initially established by upward titration. Long-term maintenance doses of omeprazole were prospectively reduced in 37 patients who had been taking omeprazole for 22 +/- 4 months. Successful reduction was defined as reduction to 20 mg once or twice daily with an absence of symptoms, endoscopy without evidence of active acid-peptic disease, and a gastric acid output of < 10 mEq/h. Sixty-eight percent of patients (25/37) were successfully reduced to 20 mg of omeprazole once (18/24) or twice daily (7/13). Ninety-five percent of patients (20/21) without multiple endocrine neoplasia type I, severe gastroesophageal reflux disease, or previous partial gastrectomy had safe reductions of doses. It is concluded that the currently used omeprazole maintenance doses in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome are too high and advocated that the initial dose still be established by acute daily upward titration followed by gradual reduction once control of acid output has been achieved.

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