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FEBS Lett. 1992 Nov 16;313(1):62-6.

Interaction of nitrogen dioxide with human plasma. Antioxidant depletion and oxidative damage.

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1
U.C. Davis Medical Center, Sacramento 95817.

Abstract

Nitrogen dioxide (NO2.) is often present in inhaled air and may be generated in vivo from nitric oxide. Exposure of human blood plasma to NO2. caused rapid losses of ascorbic acid, uric acid and protein thiol groups, as well as lipid peroxidation and depletions of alpha-tocopherol, bilirubin and ubiquinol-10. No increase in protein carbonyls was detected. Supplementation of plasma with ascorbate decreased the rates of lipid peroxidation, alpha-tocopherol depletion and loss of uric acid. Uric acid supplementation decreased rates of lipid peroxidation but not the loss of alpha-tocopherol. We conclude that ascorbic acid, protein -SH groups, uric acid and alpha-tocopherol may be important agents protecting against NO2. in vivo. If these antioxidants are depleted, peroxidation of lipids occurs and might contribute to the toxicity of NO2..

PMID:
1426270
DOI:
10.1016/0014-5793(92)81185-o
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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