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Cell. 1992 Oct 16;71(2):343-53.

Severe hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice created by homologous recombination in ES cells.

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1
Laboratory of Biochemical Genetics and Metabolism, The Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10021-6399.

Abstract

apoE-deficient mice have been created by homologous recombination in ES cells. On a low fat, low cholesterol chow diet these animals have plasma cholesterol levels of 494 mg/dl compared with 60 mg/dl in control animals, and when challenged with a high fat Western-type diet, these animals have plasma cholesterol levels of 1821 mg/dl compared with 132 mg/dl in controls. This marked hypercholesterolemia is primarily due to elevated levels of very low and intermediate density lipoproteins. At 10 weeks of age, apoE-deficient mice have already developed atherosclerotic lesions in the aorta and coronary and pulmonary arteries. apoE-deficient mice are a promising small animal model to help understand the role of apoE in vivo and the genetic and environmental determinants of atherosclerosis.

PMID:
1423598
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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