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Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 1992 Sep-Oct;15(5):334-41.

Use of the Wallstent in the venous system including hemodialysis-related stenoses.

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Department of Radiology, Kantonsspital Winterthur, Switzerland.


Eighteen patients with a total of 23 venous stenoses or occlusions were treated with the Wallstent. In 5 patients treated for malignant stenosis there was one primary failure due to insufficient stent expansion. The other 4 patients showed rapid relief of their inflow obstruction, all remaining asymptomatic despite later stent occlusion in 1 patient. Four patients were treated for benign postoperative stenoses of the iliac or femoral vein. All stents remained patent for a period of 6 weeks-58 months. Nine patients were treated for one or multiple stenoses along the venous outflow tract of hemodialysis fistulas. Of 14 lesions that were eventually stented, 12 are still patent after 3-27 months (mean 19). However, 10 secondary interventions (eight percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), two stents) and three additional stent procedures for new lesions were necessary. Although our experience is limited, we believe that patients with tumor compression or postoperative strictures of large veins benefit from treatment with stents. Stenting of venous outflow stenoses in hemodialysis fistulas can significantly prolong stent function, however, PTA should always be the first treatment of choice.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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