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Br J Surg. 1992 Sep;79(9):964-6.

Laparoscopy in developing countries in the management of patients with an acute abdomen.

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Department of Surgery, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria.


Surgeons in developing countries see a need to improve diagnosis and decision making in patients with an acute abdomen. Without the benefit of diagnostic aids such as computers and high-resolution ultrasonography, the rate of unnecessary laparotomy is often unacceptably high. The laparoscope is usually available in a developing country and its use easily acquired. Using laparoscopy in doubtful situations the unnecessary laparotomy rate was significantly reduced from 14.0 to 6 per cent (P < 0.05). Laparoscopy achieved a diagnostic accuracy of 86 per cent and prevented unnecessary laparotomy in 57 per cent of those in whom it was used.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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