Send to

Choose Destination
Bone Marrow Transplant. 1992 Oct;10(4):347-53.

Clonal imbalances of serum immunoglobulins after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation: an analysis by high-resolution two-dimensional gel electrophoresis.

Author information

Centre de Transfusion Sanguine CRS, Lausanne, Switzerland.


The clonality pattern of immunoglobulins (Igs) produced after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) was studied by high-resolution two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) of serum samples and purified Igs. With this technique, the light (L) chain of a monoclonal Ig usually appears as a single spot. Thus, the degree of clonal diversity of the functional B cells can be appreciated by the electrophoretic pattern of the serum L chains. Furthermore, 2D-PAGE allows a semi-quantitative determination of prominent Ig clones according to the size of L chain spots. We found that serum electrophoretograms of 8/19 patients after BMT (5-9 months) revealed L chain patterns which were similar to those of normal polyclonal Igs, that is, less than five distinguishable small spots among a cloud-like indiscrete L chain spots region ('polyclonal' pattern). A spectrum of clonal abnormalities was observed on the electrophoretograms of 11/19 patients: in five patients, multiple small L chain spots (corresponding to Ig concentrations between 0.2 and 2 g/l) were detected ('oligoclonal' pattern), whereas in six others, 'typical' monoclonal Igs (Ig concentrations > 2 g/l) were observed with (3/19 patients) or without (3/19 patients) multiple small clonal components. Sequential analysis of serum obtained from patients at different times after BMT revealed that imbalanced clonal reconstitution was transient and evolved towards apparently normal polyclonal Ig production. Our observations show that the development of clonal 'gammopathies' after BMT is a frequent, but not obligatory phenomenon. It may reflect a transient restriction of the B cell repertoire either through a limited outgrowth of precursor cells or through selective antigenic pressures.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center