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Acta Paediatr. 1992 Oct;81(10):745-50.

The effect of early and late cord-clamping on blood viscosity and other hemorheological parameters in full-term neonates.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Heidelberg, Germany.


This study was done to compare postnatal alterations in blood viscosity (capillary viscometer) and its determinants: hematocrit, plasma viscosity (capillary viscometer), red cell aggregation (Myrenne aggregometer) and red cell deformability (rheoscope) in the first five days of postnatal life in full-term neonates with early (< 10 s) and late (3 min) cord-clamping. The fetal blood volume of the placenta ("residual placental blood volume") decreased from 52 +/- 8 ml/kg of neonatal body weight after early cord-clamping to 15 +/- 4 ml/kg after later cord-clamping. Neonatal blood volume, calculated as the difference between an assumed total feto-placental blood volume of 115 ml/kg and the measured fetal blood volume of the placenta, was 50% higher in the late cord-clamped infants than in the early cord-clamped infants. Both groups showed similar viscosity, hematocrit and other rheological parameters in cord blood. In the infants with early cord-clamping, the hematocrit decreased from 0.48 +/- 0.04 l/l at birth to 0.43 +/- 0.6 l/l after 24 h (p < 0.05). Whole blood viscosity did not change significantly with age. After late cord-clamping, the hematocrit rose from 0.50 +/- 0.04% at birth to 0.63 +/- 0.05 l/l at 2 h of age (p < 0.005) and dropped to 0.59 +/- 0.5 l/l (p < 0.05) at 24 h. Blood viscosity increased by 40% (p < 0.001) within the first 2 h, but did not change significantly during the following five days. In both groups, plasma viscosity and red cell aggregation increased significantly (p < 0.05) on day 5 due to significant increases in total plasma protein and fibrinogen concentrations (p < 0.01).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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