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J Dairy Sci. 1975 Dec;58(12):1782-8.

Distribution and removal of added mercury in milk.


Distribution patterns of added mercury in raw whole milk after equilibration for 30 min and 2 h at 37 C showed a distribution among acid casein, whey proteins, fat globule membrane, and soluble fat globule membrane of 33, 28, 16, and 2%. On the basis of protein content, the fat globule membrane had the highest amount of mercury. Mercury added to milk as mercuric chloride was removed by treatment with thiolated aminoethyl celluloses and reduced human hair. In a 5 min treatment, 70, 43, and 41% of the mercury was removed by thiosuccinylated aminoethyl cellulose, thionitrocarboxyphenylated aminoethyl cellulose, and reduced human hair, respectively, from whole milk initially containing 1 ppm mercury and equilibrated for 2 h at 37 C prior to treatment. After treatment for 60 min, 82, 52, and 64% of the mercury was removed by thiosuccinilated aminoethyl cellulose, thionitrocarboxyphenylated aminoethyl cellulose, and reduced hair, respectively. However, increasing incubation temperature and time prior to treatment decreased the removal efficiencies. Thiosuccinilated aminoethyl cellulose and reduced human hair showed increasing efficiency directly with pH, while thionitrocarboxyphenylated aminoethyl cellulose showed the opposite effect and had higher affinity for mercury at pH 5.5 than at pH 7.5. Moreover, the rate of removal of mercury at 4 C compared to 37 C was much slower. The removal of mercury from soluble casein and soluble whey proteins was more efficient than from micellar casein. Protein, lactose content, and pH of milk were not changed by the polymer treatments.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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