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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1992 Oct 27;1117(3):251-7.

Chemical assessment of phospholipid and phosphoenergetic metabolites in regenerating rat liver measured by in vivo and in vitro 31P-NMR.

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  • 1Molecular Neurobiology Research Center, Shiga University of Medical Science, Japan.


For the assessment of 31P-NMR spectroscopic data, phospholipid precursors (phosphorylethanolamine (PE) and phosphocholine) and catabolites (glycerophosphorylethanolamine (GPE) and glycerophosphorylcholine (GPC)), as well as adenosine phosphates were chemically determined in regenerating rat liver. The data were compared with those obtained by in vivo and in vitro 31P-NMR spectroscopies. Chemical assay revealed a significant increase of PE and a decrease of GPE, GPC and ATP in hepatectomy group compared to sham operation group. The values obtained by in vitro NMR were in good agreements with those of chemical assay, but significant differences between the two groups were observed only in PE and inorganic phosphate (Pi). Noticeable increase in PME was not detected by in vivo 31P-NMR spectroscopy, although the increase of PE was about 2.5-times that of the control and its constitution ratio to the whole phosphomonoester (PME) was less than 15%. On the other hand, in vivo NMR showed a large phosphodiester (PDE) peak occupying approx. 40% of the total phosphorus signal, while the contribution of its constituents, GPE and GPC was about 5% found by both chemical assay and in vitro NMR. The PDE peak in in vivo NMR seemed to reflect the membrane phospholipid itself rather than its catabolites. A slight decrease of phosphoenergetic level in regenerating rat-liver was commonly suggested by all three analytical methods.

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