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Am J Physiol. 1992 Oct;263(4 Pt 1):E615-23.

Effect of a high-fat diet on the incorporation of stored triacylglycerol into hepatic VLDL.

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Unité de Recherches sur la Physiopathologie de la Nutrition, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U. 177, Paris, France.


Triacylglycerol (TG) stored in cytoplasmic lipid droplets of hepatocytes was labeled by in vivo [1-(14)C]oleic acid injection to study the effect of a high-fat diet on its incorporation into very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDL). Compared with the control diet, hepatocytes of fat-fed rats 1) contained 7.6 times more cytoplasmic (floating fat) TG and 1.9 times more endoplasmic reticulum (microsomal) TG; 2) had 8 and 6 times lower TG specific activities in cytoplasm and endoplasmic reticulum, respectively; 3) incorporated 22% less 14C label into hepatocyte esterified lipids (TG, cholesterol, phospholipid); 4) secreted 48 and 33% less radioactive and total VLDL-TG, respectively; 5) oxidized more cytoplasmic TG-fatty acid (FA); and 6) showed a 50% decreased total utilization of stored TG-FA. With both diets, the lysosomal inhibitor chloroquine concomitantly decreased productions of labeled VLDL-TG, CO2, and acid-soluble oxidation products. The decreased incorporation of stored TG into VLDL-TG appreciably contributes to the overall inhibition of hepatic VLDL secretion by fat feeding. It appears to be related to the decreased mobilization rate of stored TG and its increased channelling toward oxidation.

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