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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1992 Oct;167(4 Pt 1):1099-104.

Obstetric parameters affecting success in a trial of labor: designation of a scoring system.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We sought to characterize risk factors in patients undergoing trial of labor after previous cesarean section and to determine whether a subset of patients at high risk of having an unsuccessful trial of labor consequently suffer greater morbidity.

STUDY DESIGN:

A 13-month chart review analyzed 264 labors with documented transverse lower uterine segment scars. Historic and physical examination variables were recorded, and a scoring system was constructed to evaluate successful vaginal delivery after cesarean.

RESULTS:

Successful vaginal delivery occurred in 192 patients, resulting in a rate of vaginal birth after cesarean of 72.7%. Four variables significantly lower the rate of vaginal birth after cesarean. Of patients scoring 0 (no variables present), 91.5% were successfully delivered vaginally. Scores of 1, 2, and 3 to 4 were associated with the success of vaginal birth after cesarean in 73.9%, 66.7%, and 46.1% of patients, respectively. A score of 3 to 4 did not increase maternal or fetal morbidity in trial-of-labor patients.

CONCLUSION:

We constructed a scoring system to evaluate the success of vaginal birth after cesarean. Trial of labor in the subset of patients with the lowest success rate does not increase morbidity.

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PMID:
1415398
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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